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MS-4 SOLVED PAPERS AND GUESS 

 

Product Details: IGNOU MS-4SOLVED PAPERS AND GUESS

Format: BOOK

Pub. Date: NEW EDITION APPLICABLE FOR Current EXAM

Publisher: MEHTA SOLUTIONS

Edition Description: 2017-18

 

        RATING OF BOOK: EXCELLENT

Accounting and Finance for Managers


ABOUT THE BOOK

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  If you find yourself getting fed up and frustrated with other ignou book solutions now mehta solutions brings top solutions for ignou. this ms-4 book contains previous year solved papers plus faculty important questions and answers specially for ignou .questions and answers are specially design specially for ignou students .

 

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MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME
Term-End Examination
December, 2016
MS-4 : ACCOUNTING AND FINANCE FOR MANAGERS
Time : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 100
Note : (i) Attempt any five questions.
(ii) All questions carry equal marks.
(iii) Use of calculators is allowed.
1. (a) Explain the 'Accrual Concept' and the 'Consistency Concept' in accounting and
signify their importance to an accountant.
(b) Distinguish between 'Operating Profit' and 'Net Profit'. Which is a measure of
operational efficiency of a company ? Distinguish between Capital expenditure
and Revenue expenditure. Which is taken into account for determining the Operating
Profit ?
2. What do you understand by Fund Flow Statement ? How does it differ from a Cash Flow Statement ? Explain the main items which are shown in the fund flow statement and the purpose of preparing this statement.

3. What do you understand by Discounted Cash Flow Techniques of Capital Budgeting ? Briefly explain the Net Present Value Method and Internal Rate of Return Method of appraisal of projects. Which of the two would you rank better and why ?
4. Distinguish between :
(a) Profitability Index and Profitability Ratios.
(b) Earnings Yield and Dividend Yield.
(c) Fixed Budget and Flexible Budget.
(d) Direct Labour Rate Variance and Direct Labour Efficiency Variance.
5. Explain the following statements, giving reasons :
(a) Debt is a double-edged weapon.
(b) Depreciation acts as a Tax Shield.
(c) Fixed Costs are variable per unit and Variable Costs are fixed per unit.
(d) When the use of operating and financial leverages is considerable, small changes in
sales will produce wide fluctuations in Return on Equity and E.P.S.
6. "Zero-based Budgeting provides a solution for overcoming the limitations of a traditional budget". Explain this statement and describe the process of preparing a Zero-based Budget.


7. Following is the abridged Balance Sheet of ABC Company Ltd. as on 31st March 2013.

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(a) The Company went in for re-organisation of capital structure with the share capital
remaining the same but other liabilities were as follows :
Share Capital 50%
Reserves 15%
5% Debentures 10%
Trade Creditors 25%
Debentures were issued on 1st April, interest being paid annually on 31st March.
(b) Land and Buildings remain unchanged. Additional Plant and Machinery has been
purchased and a further depreciation (rs5000) written off. (The total fixed assets then constructed 60% of the total gross fixed and current assets.)

(c) Working Capital Ratio was 8 : 5.
(d) Quick Assets Ratio was 1 : 1
(e) Debtors (4/5th of quick assets) to sales ratio revealed a credit period of 2 months. There
were no cash sales.
(f) Return on Net Worth was 10%.
(g) Gross Profit was @ 15% of sales.
(h) Stock Turnover was eight times for the year
ignore taxation.
8. While finalising the plans for the Coming Year the excutives of XYZ Co. Ltd. thought that it will be advisable to have a look at the product-wise performance during the current year. The following information is furnished :

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For the coming year, the selling price, and costs of the three products are expected to remain unchanged. There will be an increase in Sales of Product A by 1000 units and of Product C by 8000 units. Sales of Product B will remain unchanged. Sufficient additional capacity exists to enable the increased demand to be met without incurring additional fixed cost. Some executives contend that it will be unwise to go for additional production and Sale of Product C as it is already losing 0.80 per unit. Their suggestion is to eliminate Product C altogether. Give your advice and determine product-wise and overall profit for the coming year.

Old price: 290.00 Rs
Price: 260.00 Rs
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